Between a Rock and a Hard Place: A Historical Geography of the Finns in the Sudbury Area

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Remember me. Facebook Twitter Google. Craig Rowland wrongradical wrote, - 07 - 08 Craig Rowland wrongradical - 07 - 08 Previous Share Next. I researched many language programs at schools both here and abroad, and sent E-mails to countless teachers and professors. I did a lot of research as well into Finnish history and the Finnish-Canadian immigration experience, since my boyfriend at the time was the son of a Finnish family who had emigrated to Canada in the 's.

In my own quest to learn about Finland and Finnish Canadians, I encountered her name over and over. Prominent Finnish Canadians spoke during the service, including Prof. They are often run by humanitarian associations or local government.

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Although they are meant to be temporary, they often grow to become cities, with complex urban developments. The latter are often limited so many refugees are forced to stay in the camps for years and even decades.

If lucky enough to be granted asylum in a host country or other country they will be on their way to receive permanent residency. It is essential to recognize the difference as there is great personal consequences. Despite very different personalities and cultural backgrounds, individuals are considered a uniform mass. Migrants, however, are different and are often mistaken for refugees.

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Such as searching for better economic opportunities or leaving areas of drought in search of better circumstances. I find it fitting to merge the two under the same umbrella as they both have a relationship to displacement and they both seek permanent residency in a new country. They also experience similar struggles when first arriving. In doing so, I define a more diverse group of users who need to adjust to a new environment. Furthermore, Immigration will be used as it is the act of coming to live permanently in another country.

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Architects can play a role in creating cultural landscapes for diversity. Before we begin, we need to understand where Canada stands on the issue of immigration and the refugee crisis. For this reason, the next section will briefly review the history of migration in Canada. History of Migration in Canada Canada is considered a multicultural country, a place where we value freedom and equality, where its residents and politics respect diverse cultural and religious differences.

Canada has long been and continues to be a land of migration. Since its Confederation in , more than 17 million immigrants have come to Canada. Its numbers have fluctuated over the years, and this can be linked directly to changing immigration policies, economic situations or world events that caused waves of migration. Between and , massive waves of people arrived in Canada, mostly from European origins. After the First World War, a more restrictive immigration policy was implemented.

This policy was lifted soon after the Second World War due to our booming economy, the need for labor, and partly because of changing social attitudes. In , a point system was introduced to rank potential immigrants. It no longer factored race, color or nationality but rather work skills, education levels, language abilities French or English and family connections. However, Canada did not create a formal measure of examining refugee claims but only admitted refugees on a case by case basis.

The government then embarked on a unique program allowing private groups to sponsor refugees or families in order to bring them to Canada and assist them in settling.

Finland's Middle Ages Animated - 800 to 1323 CE

As of , these Private Sponsorship programs have settled more than , individuals. The Canadian government also encourages the dispersal of immigrants across the country. More recently, the Immigration policy encourages immigrants to settle in smaller communities in less-populated provinces.

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From Meteorite Impact to Constellation City: A Historical Geography of Greater Sudbury

Since , Canada has resettled over , refugees. That being said, recent political events in the United States has forced Canada to reject refugee status to fewer illegal border crossers. Since Donald Trump was elected as President, 27, people have crossed the border into Canada. Although this might be true, simply arriving at our borders does not guarantee immediate acceptance into our country. Recently, politicians have proposed building a wall specifically on this road to stop these Illegal crossings.

Between a Rock and a Hard Place

Perhaps we are not that much different politically than our southern neighbors. Architecture As Catalyst for Social Change Migration is associated with the building crisis; it transforms cities both architecturally and culturally. This, however, brings to the surface policies that promote racist attitudes, discrimination and assimilation within the host city.

These newcomers are often forced to fit into the local culture and in the process lose a part of themselves. Society dictates who the ideal citizen is and should be. Architecturally, inequality is embedded into the landscape of cities. As they are designed to segregate and exclude. At the urban scale, municipalities often create ghettos, to ensure those who are different are kept apart.


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By-Laws and regulations are meant to keep order, but they discourage diversity and growth. Furthermore, infrastructures in general such as homes and workplaces are standardized and homogenous. Aesthetically, they do not portray diverse cultures or provide appropriate layouts to meet the needs of specific users. The architecture of modern cities remains unchallenged despite the changing multicultural makeup.

Migration shifts this idea of designing for one culture and broadens the architectural landscape to a more diverse and cultural one.

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This brings to light the need to provide cities with inclusive design that can welcome. Now more than ever, architects and designers are faced with the problem of designing for diverse communities, to think about the other. What if, instead of favoring spatial homogenization and cultural assimilation, we start with the premise that cultural diversity in architecture is a crucial part of humanity? The displacement crisis is complicated, and it is impossible to have one perfect solution.

It allows cultures to cross-pollinate through social, architectural, and even religious means, feeding our intellect with worldviews other than our own. Of course, as. However, we can act as activists to find solutions to improve the quality of life of people that are settling into unfamiliar places. We can use architecture as a catalyst for social change and inclusion. This thesis aims to examine what inclusive architecture might be in terms of diversity and cultural inclusivity.

What might non-racist or multicultural architecture look like? History of Migration in Sudbury Sudbury was founded due to migration. Beginning as a railway post in following the construction of the Canadian Pacific railway, Sudbury was not much more than piles of rocks and endless lakes. Mining and smelting operations largely determined the growth of the settlements in the area. The First World War increased the demand for nickel and copper, resulting in a need for labourers, the majority being Finns, Poles, Ukrainians, Italians, and Croatians. These original settlers laid the foundation for successive groups of immigrants who arrived in Sudbury to work in the booming mining industry.

The city has changed drastically over the past years, as has the ethnic makeup of each community. The Architecture that was built was primarily related to faith, which is not surprising as culture and faith are things newcomers hold on to. Wallace and Ashley Thomson ed. Copper Cliff After the arrival of the Railway post in Sudbury, it was not long before an area to the West was identified for mining. In , the future Copper Cliff mine was discovered, and the first dwelling was erected on the current site of the Copper Cliff Museum.

As the need for labour grew, so did the population of Copper Cliff. Every immigrant group in Copper Cliff knew its place and the possible consequences of migrating into the Anglo-Celtic spaces. To the south, the Europeans were segregated from the English and so were the Italians, who settled north on the other side of the train tracks.

Their seclusion was not only because of social convenience but primarily because of social discrimination. With such a diverse mix of people, services were needed quickly, especially religious gathering spaces. The first church was named St.